ĐỀ THI GỒM 80 CÂU (TỪ CÂU 1 ĐẾN CÂU 80) DÀNH CHO TẤT CẢ THÍ SINH.
Đọc kỹ đoạn văn sau và chọn phương án đúng (A hoặc B, C, D) cho mỗi câu từ 1 đến 10.
Reading to oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the scholars of the classical and
medieval worlds, while during the fifteenth century the term “reading” undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only
during the nineteenth century did silent reading become commonplace.
One should be wary, however, of assuming that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud
was a distraction to others. Examinations of factors related to the historical development of silent reading have
revealed that it became the usual mode of reading for most adults mainly because the tasks themselves
changed in character.
The last century saw a steady gradual increase in literacy and thus in the number of readers. As the
number of readers increased, the number of potential listeners declined and thus there was some reduction in
the need to read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the flourishing of
reading as a private activity in such public places as libraries, railway carriages and offices, where reading
aloud would cause distraction to other readers.
Towards the end of the century, there was still considerable argument over whether books should be
used for information or treated respectfully and over whether the reading of materials such as newspapers was
in some way mentally weakening. Indeed, this argument remains with us still in education. However, whatever
its virtues, the old shared literacy culture had gone and was replaced by the printed mass media on the one
hand and by books and periodicals for a specialised readership on the other.
By the end of the twentieth century, students were being recommended to adopt attitudes to books and
to use reading skills which were inappropriate, if not impossible, for the oral reader. The social, cultural and
technological changes in the century had greatly altered what the term “reading” implied.
Câu 1: Reading aloud was more common in the medieval world because ______.
A. people relied on reading for entertainment
B. silent reading had not been discovered
C. there were few places available for private reading
D. few people could read to themselves
Câu 2: The word “commonplace” in the first paragraph mostly means “______”.
A. for everybody’s use B. most preferable C. attracting attention D. widely used
Câu 3: The development of silent reading during the last century indicated ______.
A. an increase in the average age of readers B. an increase in the number of books
C. a change in the nature of reading D. a change in the status of literate people
Câu 4: Silent reading, especially in public places, flourished mainly because of ______.
A. the decreasing need to read aloud B. the development of libraries
C. the increase in literacy D. the decreasing number of listeners
Câu 5: It can be inferred that the emergence of the mass media and specialised reading materials was an
indication of ______.
A. a decline of standards of literacy B. a change in the readers’ interest
C. an alteration in educationalists’ attitudes D. an improvement of printing techniques
Câu 6: The phrase “a specialised readership” in paragraph 4 mostly means “______”.
A. a requirement for readers in a particular area of knowledge
B. a limited number of readers in a particular area of knowledge
C. a reading volume for particular professionals
D. a status for readers specialised in mass media
Câu 7: The phrase “oral reader” in the last paragraph mostly means “a person who ______”.
A. is good at public speaking B. practises reading to an audience
C. takes part in an audition D. is interested in spoken language